Inter-country Adoption Management Development Board (ICAB) is under the Ministry of Women Children and Social Welfare Government of Nepal. ICAB is designated as the central authority to deal with inter-country adoption.
In Nepal, Muluki Ain (Country Code) was made in 1964. This code governs the adoption laws. The Country Code is the substantive law of Nepal.
In 1964, The Country Code has made provision only for in-county (domestic adoption) adoption. Childless Nepali couples could adopt the child.
In 1976, the Country Code of 1964 was amended and new provisions made for Inter-country adoption. Prior to 1976, only in- country adoptions were allowed. Inter-country adoption was not allowed.
In 1976, amendment in the Country Code 1964 was made provisions for inter-country Adoption .By which the Government of Nepal has the authority to develop terms and conditions of inter-country adoption, within the terms and conditions foreign citizens may apply for adoption with the recommendation of the government or embassy of their native country. Ministry may grant permission on adoption by examining the economic status and moral character of the applicant.
At that time child matching with the prospective adoptive parents was done by the child homes and decision was made by the Ministry.
In 2000, in place of old terms and conditions a new Terms and Conditions for inter country adoption, with some reforms was made.
In 2008 the Terms and Conditions 2000 were replaced by new Terms, Conditions and Procedures with more reforms.
In 2009 Nepal has signed on CONVENTION ON PROTECTION OF CHILDREN AND CO-OPERATION IN RESPECT OF INTERCOUNTRY ADOPTION (Hague convention)
In 2010, first and second amendment was made in the terms and conditions and procedures of 2008.
In 2010, Inter-country Adoption Management Development Board established to make Nepal's Inter-country Adoption system more ethical and transparent. ICAB is working as a Central Authority for inter country adoption. A high level board was established with the representation of pediatrician and representatives from child right activist in the board.